Well-defined and potent liposomal meningococcal B vaccines adjuvated with LPS derivatives

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Vaccine, Volume 23, Number 43, pp. 5091-5098 (2005)



DOI Name (links to online publication)



neisseria meningitidis; vaccine; adjuvant; membrane vesicle vaccine; meningitidis serogroup-b; neisseria-meningitidis; lipid-a; immune-response; lipopolysaccharide; disease; protein; immunogenicity; biosynthesis


Potent liposomal PorA formulations containing various lipopolysaccharide (LPS) derivatives were developed. The following adjuvants were compared: the commonly used aluminum phosphate (AlPO4), and three LPS like adjuvants: monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL), lipopolysaccharide (gaff LPS) and the less toxic LPS mutant lpxL1. The immunogenicity in mice was evaluated and compared with that against an outer membrane vesicle (OMV) vaccine. The IgG isotype distribution and bactericidal activity were determined. Furthermore, PorA specific proliferation of lymph node cells after immunization and restimulation in vitro was studied with selected formulations.Both AlPO4 and MPL were unable to improve the functional immunogenicity (i.e. bactericidal response) of liposomal PorA. Besides, when these adjuvants were used, the percentage of responders in the groups did not reach 100%. This was also observed with non adjuvated PorA-liposomes or OMV. Of the adjuvants studied, only galE LPS and lpxL1 LPS were capable of increasing the immunogenicity and avoid non responsiveness against PorA-liposomes. Importantly, the adjuvant activity of lpxL1 LPS was accompanied by an improved PorA specific proliferation of lymph node cells and a concomitant increase in IL-2 production. In conclusion and considering its lower toxicity, lpxL1 LPS adjuvated liposomes are superior to other formulations tested. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.