HPLC and tandem detection to monitor conformational properties of biopharmaceuticals

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Journal of Chromatography B-Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences, Volume 821, Number 1, pp. 45-52 (2005)



DOI Name (links to online publication)



(reversed-phase) hplc; biopharmaceuticals; protein conformation; intrinsic fluorescence; circular dichroism; tandem-detection; interferon-alfa; human growth hormone; anti tetanus immunoglobulin; human serum albumin; human growth-hormone; circular-dichrois


High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with UV, circular dichroism (CD) and intrinsic fluorescence detection was applied to monitor conformational properties of recombinant human interferon alpha 2b when performing size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and reversed-phase HPLC (RP-HPLC). In this way native conditions during SEC and structural changes of the protein during RP-HPLC were demonstrated. These results were confirmed by stand-alone fluorescence and CD measurements. With respect to HPLC tandem detection, the fluorescence detector compared favourably to the UV and CD detector regarding linearity, sensitivity and selectivity. SEC combined with intrinsic fluorescence scanning detection permits conformational analysis of small amounts of aggregates in the presence of excess native monomeric protein. In conclusion, HPLC with on-line UV and intrinsic fluorescence detection provides a promising concept for analysing the amount and conformational properties of a biopharmaceutical and its impurities. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.