The Influence of Sucrose, Dextran, and Hydroxypropyl-Beta-Cyclodextrin as Lyoprotectants for a Freeze-Dried Mouse Igg2a Monoclonal-Antibody (Mn12)

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Pharmaceutical Research, Volume 9, Number 2, pp. 266-270 (1992)




monoclonal antibody; lyophilization; freeze-drying; stability; formulation; cyclodextrin; purification; storage; stability; moisture


The influence of lyophilization on the stability of a monoclonal antibody (MN12) was investigated. MN12 was freeze-dried in different formulations [without lyoprotectant or in the presence of sucrose, dextran, or hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD)] and under varying conditions (with or without secondary drying). Subsequently, the monoclonal antibody was stored for 18 or 32 days at various temperatures (4, 37, or 56-degrees-C). For comparison, solutions of MN12 were stored under the same conditions. Regardless of the lyoprotectant used, precipitation and a concomitant reduction of the antigen-binding capacity by about 10% were observed upon reconstitution of lyophilized MN12. HP-beta-CD proved to be the most effective stabilizer to prevent degradation of lyophilized MN12 during storage. Compared with MN12 solutions, HP-beta-CD-containing lyophilized MN12 cakes were more resistant to heat-induced charge alterations and loss of antigen-binding capacity.