Models for evaluation of relative immunogenic potential of protein particles in biopharmaceutical protein formulations

Publication Type:

Journal Article


J Pharm Sci, Volume 101, Issue 10, pp. 3586-3592 (2012)


1520-6017 (Electronic)00

DOI Name (links to online publication)



An immune response to a therapeutic protein that compromises the biopharmaceutical activity or cross-reacts with an endogenous protein is a serious clinical event. The role of protein aggregates and particles in biopharmaceutical formulations in mediating this immune response has gained considerable attention over the recent past. Model systems that could consistently and reliably predict the relative immunogenicity of biopharmaceutical protein formulations would be extremely valuable. Several approaches have been developed in an attempt to provide this insight, including in silico algorithms, in vitro tests utilizing human leukocytes and in vivo animal models. This commentary provides an update of these various approaches as well as the author's perspectives on the pros and cons of these different methods. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association J Pharm Sci.